— [http://goo.gl/XTthkV] Irish— a minority group —living in the USA—, and their integration into mainstream society. _______________________Immigration
The Irish, who, at home, readily sympathize with the oppressed everywhere, are instantly taught when they step upon [American] soil to hate and despise the Negro.... Sir, the Irish-American will one day find out his mistake. - Frederick Douglass, May 10, 1853 -as quoted in Ignatiev, Noel. "How the Irish Became White." New York: Routledge, 1995.
Once seen as threats to mainstream society, Irish Americans have become an integral part of the American story. More than 40 million Americans claim Irish descent, and the culture and traditions of Ireland and Irish Americans have left an indelible mark on U.S. society.
Integration is a process wherein immigrant newcomers and the communities in which they settle — both the individuals and institutions — mutually adapt to one another. Integration is also an endpoint reached when individuals only minimally perceive themselves and others in ethnoracial and national terms, when these attributes have, at most, a negligible negative impact on opportunities and life chances. (Richard Alba and Victor Nee, "Remaking the American Mainstream: Assimilation and Contemporary Immigration." Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2003.)
*The term America is used in this essay to mean the United States of America.
Five-paragraph essay on Irish— a minority group —living in the USA—, and their integration into mainstream society; Interdisciplinary Course with Cultural Studies, Benjamin Madeira, PDF ::
Integration of the Irish in the American Society ::
Emigration from Ireland is not homogenous ::
Complex Irish people on American soil ::
Caucasian characteristics ::
Total cultural assimilation requires biological assimilation ::
The assimilationist integration model ::
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•  Parekh, Bhikhu C. “Rethinking Multiculturalism : cultural diversity and political theory” in: Chapter 7: The Political Structure of Multicultural Society. 2000. Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press. Print. ISBN: 0674004361
•  Parnell, Henry. A History of the Penal Laws Against the Irish Catholics: From the Treaty of Limerick to the Union. Dublin: H. Fitzpatrick, 4, Capel-Street, 1808. Web. Retrieved on May 2015 from https://goo.gl/2PLw3t
•  Parnell, Henry, and Henry Brooke Parnell Congleton. A History of the Penal Laws Against the Irish Catholics: From the Year 1689, To the Union. 1825. London: Longman, Hurst, Rees , Orme, Brown, and Green. Web. Web. Retrieved on May 2015 from https://goo.gl/tsj0hO
•  Rex, John. "The concept of a multicultural society“ in Guibernau, Montserrat and Rex, John (eds.): The Ethnicity reader, Nationalism, Multiculturalism and Migration, Cambridge, UK: Polity Press, 2001. Print. ISBN: 0745619223
•  Salins, Peter D. Assimilation, American Style. New York: Basic Books, 1997. Print. ISBN: 0465098177
•  Schwaninger, Julia. “Analysing Colm Tóibín’s Novel Brooklyn and Selected Short Stories of Mothers and Sons for the Purposes of Teaching in the EFL Classroom.” 2011. Web. March 2015. http://goo.gl/oo6U5W
•  Wagner, Paul; Kerby Miller, Paul Wagner. Out of Ireland: The Story of Irish Emigration to America. PBS: 1995. Video. Web. Retrieved on May 2015 from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UM4UWh9EwKA
•  Øien-Vikaune, Ane. Cultural Studies Unit 1: Immigration history. Take Credit, NTNU: Lesson 1, 2015. Web. Retrieved on Jan 2015 from (Video) https://goo.gl/IPNH8D and (PDF) https://goo.gl/D6Uqp2
——— Cultural Studies Unit 2: Race, and integration theory. Take Credit, NTNU: Lesson 2, 2015. Web. Retrieved on Feb 2015 from (Video) https://goo.gl/B8dZOM and (PDF) https://goo.gl/j0kSZN
——— Cultural Studies Unit 4: Cultural and political impact. Take Credit, NTNU: Lesson 4, 2015. Web. Retrieved on Feb 2015 from (Video) https://goo.gl/8gcDzz and (PDF) https://goo.gl/WFQ27q